- The students will decide between physical science and English.
- In early April the ice melts, reopening the main ports to navigation.
- Hey, did Steve discover the Japanese beetle under his book?
Label the parts of speech in the following sentences. Leave space between the lines for the labels. (article, noun, pronoun, verb, helping verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction, interjection, preposition)
Nouns as Adjective Modifiers
Many nouns can be used as adjectives. They become adjectives when they modify other nouns and answer one of two questions about the nouns they are modifying. (What kind? Which one?)
Examples: apple juice (what kind of juice?) summer habitat (which habitat?)
The macaw perched on the top of the rock ledge.
Write/type the following sentences. Circle the noun used as an adjective modifier. Draw an arrow to the noun the adjective is modifying. (look only for the nouns used as adjectives.)
1. Macaws are large, noisy members of the parrot family.
2. The colorful macaws live in large flocks and roost along the steep canyon walls.
3. They dig small nest holes in the relatively soft sandstone.
4. Major food sources for macaws are fruits and nuts.
5.Macaws perch among the tree branches while they eat.
6. Occasionally, they will also search the forest floor for food.
Proper and Compound Adjectives
Sometimes, proper nouns are used as adjectives or changed in form to become adjectives.
Example: Vermont cheddar (What kind?) Brahms symphony (which symphony?)
Changed form: Shakespeare: Shakespearian play (what kind of play?) Germany: German tribes (which tribes?)
Write only the proper and compound adjectives from each sentence below. Label as compound, proper. Some may be compound and proper.
1. The flamingo is the name for a family of long-legged birds.
2. Flamingos are common throughout the world, and they can be found from the e African savannas to the South American mountains.
3. They are characterized by their downward-turned bill, which is used to filter underwater organisms and vegetation.
4. The Chilean flamingo is a variety that may be found in the lowland areas of Chile and Argentina on the South American mainland.
5. Flamingos make their North American homes in saltwater marshes and shallow freshwater ponds.
Students, this is shorter than yesterday's. You should be able to finish all in class. Have a great weekend.
Nouns Used as Adjectives
A Noun used as an adjective answer the question What kind? or Which one? about a noun that follows it.
Example: guitar guitar music (what kind of music?)
evening evening meal (which meal?)
Part I- Write the following paragraph. Circle the noun being used as an adjective and draw an arrow from the adjective to the word it modifies.
(1) For a fun vacation, some families plan road trips to state monuments and historic sites. (2) This type of family vacation requires a careful review of state maps to plan a route that covers restaurants, motels, and the sites themselves.
(3) The first step is for family members to choose a destination. (4) Next, several different highway routes should be highlighted and studied for the best stops and visitor attractions. (5) Once a route is chosen, the road miles should be calculated, the travel time should be estimated, and a detailed itinerary should be made.
Part II- Write sentences in which you use each of the following nouns as adjectives.
1. plane 3. beach 5. ground
2. automobile 4. airport
"It is rare to find an objective and independent viewpoint on style, literature, politics, or any other matter. Many people's opinions are formed through their associations with others. It is our nature to conform; conformity is a force that few can successfully resist. We give in to the human instinct to go along with the crowd and to have its approval" - Mark Twain
Assignment: Do we tend to accept the opinions of others instead of developing our own independent ideas? Plan and write an essay I which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
SAT Prompt taken from: uathinktank.wordpress.com/2015
Many thoughtful people have said that cooperation brings out the best in people and leads to success in almost all endeavors. There is a limit, however, to the value of cooperative behavior, since such behavior may suppress people's willingness to be creative and to stand out from the crowd. Too often, cooperating means going along with the group even if that is not necessarily the best way.
Assignment: Does working with others lead to better results than acting as an individual? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
Adjectives- used to describe a noun or pronoun or to give a noun or pronoun a more specific meaning.
The process by which an adjective describes a word or makes it more specific is called modification.
An adjective usually comes before the word it modifies. It may, however, come after the noun.
To modify means to change slightly. An adjective modifies meaning by answering any of four questions about a noun or pronoun. What kind? Which one? How much? How many?
What kind? red boat, sick passenger, silver jewelry, cool water
Which one? third chance, this train, any piece, those apples
How many? three cars, both answers, several reasons, few letters
How much? enough space, no rain, more energy, little effort
Before the noun/pronoun: The sick child lay in bed. Sick in bed, he was very bored.
After the noun/pronoun: The child, sick with fever, lay in the bed. She was sick for a week.
Part I- Identifying Adjectives and the Words They Modify.
Identify each adjective in the following sentences. Then identify the word each adjective modifies and the question that it answers. refer to the examples above. There may be more than one in a sentence.
sample: The sick child lay in bed. = sick modifies child, what kind?
1. Small work boats were sailed extensively for pleasure in early colonial times.
2. The first pleasure schooner was built in 1816.
3. It was built specifically as a large, luxurious yacht.
4. American yacht clubs started around the 1840's.
5. Six members of the New York Yacht Club financed America's first racing yacht.
Part II- Articles
Key concept: the definite article, the indicates that the noun it modifies refers to a specific person, place or thing. The indefinite articles, a and an, indicate that the nouns they modify refer to any one of a class of people, places, or things. Use "a" before a consonant and "an" before a vowel.
Definite: The catcher wore the face mask.
Indefinite: Give me an essay that you think I would enjoy.
Rewrite the following sentences using the appropriate articles. At the end of the sentence indicate if you used definite or indefinite.
1. ______________ first passenger train cars were 15 feet long and 17 feet wide.
2. They were built like _____________ stagecoach with railroad wheels.
3. Later, six wheels were placed on ________ passenger cars.
4. Today, there are ____________ variety of passenger cars.
5. ___________ typical passenger car has _____________ aisle with seats on either side.
Things you should be able to do:
1. Distinguish between transitive and intransitive verbs
2. Recognize linking verbs
3. Distinguish between linking an action verbs
4. Identify helping verbs
5. Identify verb phrases
6. Sentence Revision: linking verbs to action verbs
Part 1 Distinguish between transitive and intransitive verbs
Identify (write) the verb identify whether it is transitive or intransitive
1. Astronauts train for years.
2. NASA examines the quality of each applicant.
3. Specialists never choose randomly.
4. Most flight training occurs immediately.
Part 2- Recognize linking verbs
Write each sentence underline the linking verb. Then draw a double-headed arrow connecting words linked by the verb.
1. The few months before a big flight seem long for the trainees.
2. The crew members are well prepared.
3. So far, the training has been enjoyable.
4. Graduation will be very satisfying.
5. The shuttle training will be a longer course.
6. The mission specialist is extremely experienced.
Part 3 Distinguish between linking an action verbs
Identify (write) the verb identify whether it is linking or action
1. Some experts grew special food for space missions.
2. The food tasted unusual.
3. Special clothing seemed necessary for space travel.
4. The clothing feels bulky and cumbersome.
5. On the first clear day, the crew appeared at the bottom of the platform.
6. The countdown appeared routine.
part 4 Helping Verbs & Verb phrases
Copy the following sentences. Underline the helping verbs, and circle the main verb.
1. Our class has been learning about the challenges of space travel.
2. we have read about many space-team members.
3. I should have watched the special report on the space shuttle.
4. It should have been seen around the world.
5. Space has not been completely explored.
6. Astronaut may sometimes spend years in preparation for a single mission.
7. Even with all the training they could have not been prepared for what happened on Apollo 13.
Part 5 Revision practice.
Change the sentences with linking verbs to sentences with action verbs. You may need to reorder, add words, or combine some sentences.
Apollo 13 has certain criteria for the selection of astronauts. Intelligence, bravery, and clear thinking in stressful situations are a few of them. Reliability and excellent communication are two other skills possessed by space-shuttle astronauts.
Be Verbs & its Forms
am am being can be have been
are are being could be has been
is is being may be had been
was was being might be could have been
were were being must be may have been
shall be shall have been
should be must have been
will be will have been
would be should have been
would have been
**Note: Verbs expressing existence: The be verb is not always a linking verb. Sometimes it simply expresses where something is located. Ex: The book should be on the table.
Helping Verbs are verbs that can be added to another verb to make a verb phrase.
Ex They sing at the church.
They will sing at the church.
They might sing at the church.
**Verb Phrases can be interrupted!!!!
They will definitely be singing in the morning.
Write the following sentences. Circle the main verb and underline all helping verbs.
1. Differing accounts have sometimes been written of the events of Apollo 13 mission.
2. However, you will be impressed by the courage of the the Apollo 13 crew.
3. Had sparks been created by contact between two electrical wires?
4. A fire in space can be caused by any number of sources.
5. A fire would certainly result in limited supplies.
6. An astronaut in trouble must always keep a clear mind.
7. Fortunately the Apollo 13 crew had been trained to deal with emergencies.
8. The astronauts did not panic.
Write sentences containing verb phrases using the topics below. Include using these helping verbs.
1. admire--astronaut's courage
2. like---space adventure
3. eat--freeze dried food
4. hear--broadcasts from space
5. learn--space program
In decision making, we usually follow a reasoned process, weighing pros and cons, talking things over with a friend, and drawing on our past actions an experiences. In snap judgements---decisions that we make on the spot, with no reflection beforehand---we do not follow such a methodical decision-making process. Everything tells us that relying on snap judgements is unwise. We make such decisions, however, because they ultimately work out better than decisions to which we give a lot of thought.
Assignment: Are snap judgements better than decisions to which people give a lot of thought? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
Linking Verbs - Forms of Be
A linking verb connects a noun or pronoun at or near the beginning of the sentence with a word at or near the end of the sentence. In English the most common linking verb is the form of be.
Example: Shelia is an artist. He was excited.
Some other common words used as a linking verbs:
appear feel look seem sound taste
become grow remain smell stay turn
Write the following sentences. Circle the linking verb and draw a double headed arrow to the words being linked together by the linking verb.
1. The Apollo 13 mission was successful.
2. It may be the most famous lunar-landing mission.
3. It would be difficult to nae a more courageous crew.
4. The astronauts felt concerned after sensing the explosion.
5. After the system malfunction, the situation turned serious.
6. The moon landing seemed unlikely.
Write sentences using the following linking verbs. Circle the linking verb and draw an arrow to the words linked by the verb.
3. shall have been
4. would be
We have been taught since childhood that it is wrong to quit. We learn that quitting is impulsive and easy and that we should always endeavor to keep trying, even if it is difficult. But aren't there certain times when quitting is the right thing to do? In those instances, it takes great courage, maturity, and self awareness to acknowledge that the plan we have chosen may need to be changed or that a new plan should be adopted.
Assignment: Is quitting ever a good idea? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
Work on written assignment Journal Prompt D in class. Due Tuesday
Review- visible & Mental verbs... (in-class: PHSchool.com Enter web Code: edk-9002)
Transitive & Intransitive Verbs
An Action verb can be transitive or intransitive. Transitive directions the action to someone or something named in the sentence. Intransitive if it does not direct action to someone or something in the sentence. The receiver of the the action is called the direct object of the verb. Intransitive verbs have no direct object.
TRANSITIVE: George carried his shoes to the mat outside the door.
INTRANSITIVE: The flower grew quickly.
To determine if a verb is transitive or intransitive, ask Whom? or What? after the verb. IF you can find the answer, then the verb is transitive.
Directions: Write each sentence (pencil-print). Identify each verb by circling it (ink). At the end of the sentence label transitive or intransitive. Rewrite sentences in cursive & ink for penmanship. Make sure it is very neat!
1. The Shang people began as a clan of villagers in central China.
2. Their rule occurred during two separate periods.
3. The first period of time came before the establishment of the capital city.
4. Archeologists discovered most of the artifacts from the first period in graves.
5. During the second period, the rulers practiced a complex system of ancestor worship.
It has been said, Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Begin by creating a Venn diagram on a separate sheet.
Mental or Visible- write only the verb and label mental or visible.
1. The earliest Chinese people lived in the Yellow River valley.
2. Written records go back more than 4,000 years.
3. The Chinese believed in the importance of history.
Transitive or Intransitive - write only the verb and label transitive or intransitive
4.The people worked hard on small patches of land.
5. The Shang dynasty once ruled the territory of present-day.
6. The rulers lived in fine palaces.
Write the following sentences. Underline the linking verb. and draw a double arrow connecting the words linked by the verb.
1. The Shang was an aristocratic society.
2. The king became the head of a military nobility.
3. The other classes were less influential.
Write Verb in each sentence. The label it action or linking.
4. The Zhou dynasty remained powerful for a time.
5. Peasants grew millet, wheat, barley, and rice.
6. Men and women grew tired from long hours in the fields.
7. They turned over the harvest to the ruler.
Write the verb phrase in each sentence. Include all helping verbs, but not words that interrupt the verb phrase.
1. The Qin dynasty had contributed much to the Chinese culture. 2. However, the accomplishments of the Qin dynasty must have been achieved at an enormous cost of wealth and human life. 3. Taxation and forced labor might have been responsible for the resentment of the dynasty. 4. The population will always be remembered because the rebelled. 5. This power struggle could possibly have caused the fall of the dynasty.
A company has announced its wishes ot build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.
People attend college or university for many different reasons ( for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support our answer.
A linking verb connects a noun or pronoun at or near the sentence beginning of a sentence with a word at or near the end of the sentence.
Example: The winners of the race were Hazel and Gretchen.
She looks old.
He is an archeologist.
The linking verbs is, were, and looks act almost as equal signs between the words they link.
Forms of BE
The verb be is the most commonly used linking verb in English.
am can be have been
are could be has been
is may be had been
was might be could have been
were must be may have been
am being shall be might have been
are being should be must have been
is being will be shall have been
was being would be will have been
were being would have been
copy each sentence into your journal. underline the form of be in each. then draw a double headed arrow connecting the words that are linked by the verb. **Remember to write in pencil and eidt in pen. Rewrite for penmanship in ink.
1. Edgar Allan Poe was a writer of great imagination.
2. The National League has been victorious in most recent All Star games.
3. Edgar Allan Poe was for a short time a cadet at West Point.
4. The writer of supernatural tales might have been a strange general.
5. Americans were fearful and excited about Haley's Comet's visit in 1910.
Verbs can tell you whether an event is occurring in the past, present or future. They tell time. Some verbs express action. Other verbs link between two parts of the sentence. Still others, point out that something exists.
Action Verbs: Tells what action a person or thing is performing.
Visible and Mental Action:
Visible- actions that can be seen such as a bird flying or duck swimming.
Mental- can be seen only with difficulty, if at all such as remembering, dreaming, or worrying.
Write the following sentences and underline the action verb in each. At the end of sentence label visible or mental.
1. The Concorde flies quickly across the Atlantic.
2. For many weeks Columbus and his crew worried about reaching land.
3. The receiver barely caught the ball.
4. He remembers many events from World War II.
5. Weeds suddenly sprouted all over our front lawn.
6. Lydia considered warmth and exercise to be the best therapy.
7.Ruth believed in justice and freedom for all.