Adverbs is a word that modifies a verb
Recognizing Types of Adjectives
Identify each underlined adjective below as article, proper adjective, compound adjective, possessive adjective, indefinite adjective, interrogative adjectives or demonstrative adjective. Write the underlined word: identify the type. Some adjectives will have more than one label.(36pts 1pt each)
(word: type of adjective)
1. The kiwi is a strange-looking bird that can be found only in some areas of New Zealand.
2. While kiwis are defenseless, their survival has been made possible because they have no natural predators on this South Pacific island.
3. Although New Zealand kiwis have small, stubby wings, they are earth-bound birds that cannot fly.
4. Long, hairlike feathers are another feature of a kiwi.
5. It is also the only Asian bird that locates food by its sense of smell.
6. Which species is the most similar to that strange bird?
Recognizing Other Parts of Speech Used as Adjectives
Identify any nouns, pronouns, or verbs used as adjectives in the following sentences. Write them (Word:part of speech) on your paper, and label each. If none are used, write none. (43pts 1pt each)
1. The owl is a bird variety that is characterized by a large head, forward-facing eyes, and sharp claws.
2. The barn owl is the most common species in the United States.
3. The smallest species resides in the deserts of the Southwest.
4. In which places besides trees and abandoned buildings do owls make their homes?
5. The burrowing owl, for instance, may make its home in old rabbit holes.
6. Most owls are active after the evening stars have emerged.
7. They are the only birds whose eyes are located on the front of the face.
8. All owls also have excellent hearing abilities to assist their hunting efforts.
9. Rain deters hunting owls, since they cannot fly quietly with wet wing feathers.
10. Though many people dislike owls, these birds are our allies against rodents.
Supplying Adjectives to Add Details.
Rewrite or type the paragraph below on your paper, supplying an adjective in each blank. Underline the adjective you use to fill in the blank. (30 pts. 3pts each)
(1) The wild turkey is among the ___________ birds in North America, much bigger than most other fowl. (2) Wild turkeys are found in _____________areas deep among the trees. (3) Males are _______________ and ____________ than females and are also more _______________. (4) The males can also be distinguished by the wattle, a ______________piece of ______________skin that hangs from the beak. (5) The skin of the head and neck of a wild turkey is usually _____________ in color, but it may also be a brighter shade of ____________ or _______________.
Verbs used as Adjectives
Many words that look like verbs can function as adjectives in sentences. Some verb forms, especially those ending in -ing and -ed function as adjectives when they modify a noun.
The owl was sitting still. The sitting owl was still.
The ice melted in the sun. The melted ice was in the sun.
Distinguishing between verbs and adjectives.
identify whether the underlined word in each sentence below functions as a verb or as an adjective. If it functions as an adjective, tell which word it modifies.
Example: A startled peacock will make a lot of noise.
Answer: adjective, modifies peacock.
1. The peacock, a member of the pheasant family, is known for its brilliantly colored feathers.
2. Only the males are endowed with colorful feathers.
3. The camouflaged females, called peahens, have drab brown-and-green feathers.
4. Competing males display their ornate feathers to attract mates.
5. At night, peacocks usually sleep in high tree branches.
6. Consuming small snakes and lizards, they spend their days on the ground.
7. Scientists thought that these birds inhabited only the forests of Southeast Asia.
8. The Congo peacock is a rare species that occupies a very confined area in central Africa.
9. Because it had eluded scientists until 1936, this bird was considered a living mystery when it was discovered.
10. Today, the Congo peacock is a protected species.
Write 2 sentences for each word below. Use the word as a verb in one sentence and as an adjective in the 2nd sentence.
Pronouns used as Adjectives
Possessive Pronouns or Adjectives
Seven personal pronouns are known as possessive pronouns or possessive adjectives. They are pronouns because they have antecedents. They are adjectives because they modify nouns and answer the questions, Which one?
my your his hers its our their
The flock reached its winter feeding grounds.
All four of the demonstrative pronouns can be used as adjectives. Unlike the personal pronouns above they become demonstrative adjectives instead of pronouns. when they function as adjectives, they always come before the nouns they modify and never directly before a verb.
this that these those
Demonstrative Pronouns: Did the bird drop this? Those are pretty birds.
Demonstrative Adjectives: Did the bird drop this feather? Those birds are pretty.
Three of the interrogative pronouns become interrogative adjectives when they modify a noun.
which what whose
Interrogative Pronouns: What happened? Whose is that?
Interrogative Adjective: What color is the egg? Whose pet is the canary?
Indefinite pronouns become indefinite adjectives when they modify nouns. The chart below show whether they modify singular or plural nouns.
Singular Plural Singular or Plural
another, much both all other
each, neither few any some
either, one many more most
Indefinite pronoun Indefinite Adjectives
The parakeet ate one. The parakeet ate one nut.
Few live in the Artic. Few birds live in the Artic.
we saw some at the lake. We saw some ducks at the lake.
Directions: Distinguish between Pronouns and Adjectives. Identify whether the underlined word functions as an adjective or a pronoun. If it is an adjective, write the word it modifies.
1. On a recent trip to the zoo, my friends and I learned about toucans.
2. Those are brightly colored birds known for their large beaks.
3. A few people in the group asked what foods were eaten by toucans.
4. We asked which of the zoo's many birds was his favorite.
5. These interesting birds inhabit the tropical forests.
Nouns as Adjective Modifiers
Many nouns can be used as adjectives. They become adjectives when they modify other nouns and answer one of two questions about the nouns they are modifying. (What kind? Which one?)
Examples: apple juice (what kind of juice?) summer habitat (which habitat?)
The macaw perched on the top of the rock ledge.
Write/type the following sentences. Circle the noun used as an adjective modifier. Draw an arrow to the noun the adjective is modifying. (look only for the nouns used as adjectives.)
1. Macaws are large, noisy members of the parrot family.
2. The colorful macaws live in large flocks and roost along the steep canyon walls.
3. They dig small nest holes in the relatively soft sandstone.
4. Major food sources for macaws are fruits and nuts.
5.Macaws perch among the tree branches while they eat.
6. Occasionally, they will also search the forest floor for food.
Proper and Compound Adjectives
Sometimes, proper nouns are used as adjectives or changed in form to become adjectives.
Example: Vermont cheddar (What kind?) Brahms symphony (which symphony?)
Changed form: Shakespeare: Shakespearian play (what kind of play?) Germany: German tribes (which tribes?)
Write only the proper and compound adjectives from each sentence below. Label as compound, proper. Some may be compound and proper.
1. The flamingo is the name for a family of long-legged birds.
2. Flamingos are common throughout the world, and they can be found from the e African savannas to the South American mountains.
3. They are characterized by their downward-turned bill, which is used to filter underwater organisms and vegetation.
4. The Chilean flamingo is a variety that may be found in the lowland areas of Chile and Argentina on the South American mainland.
5. Flamingos make their North American homes in saltwater marshes and shallow freshwater ponds.
Adjectives as Modifiers
Adjectives answer 4-Questions: What kind? (blue) Which one?(this, that) How many?(one, several) How much? (no, enough) Adjectives usually come before the noun it modifies, but there are some cases where it can come after.
Example: the light, white and shining, fascinated her. She was tall and beautiful.
Directions: Copy each sentence below onto your paper. (skip a space between each line) Underline the noun(s). Draw an arrow pointing from each adjective to the noun it modifies. Then identify the adjective with the question that it answers. Please write neatly and in ink.
1. The many rings of Saturn glowed in the blurry photograph.
2. The tired, old man stumbled down the road.
3. Several book have been written about the last days of Roman power.
4. Willie Mays leaped for the high fly ball and made a brilliant catch.
5. Her third attempt was good, but her fourth and final try, she broke a ten-year record.
6. The house, dreary and uninviting, has not been lived in for seventeen years.
7. Irving Berlin wrote many wonderful songs.
8. The feathery fins of the angel fish drifted in the clear blue water.
9. The marble statue was pale and dramatic against the dark velvet curtains.
10. The crusty little turtle crawled across the deserted parking lot.
Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.
Self discipline is what allows you to say "no" and to resist doing things that might make you happy but are bad for you. Self-discipline is like a muscle; the more you exercise it, the stronger it becomes. However, what is so wonderful about such self-control? Life is short, so why deny yourself the little pleasures and indulgences that make you happy? Self-discipline takes the joy out of life.
Assignment: Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Make sure your point of view (side) is clearly presented. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your readings, studies, experiences, or observations. (I want to see clear backup evidence.)
"That which we obtain too easily, we esteem too lightly. It is dearness only which gives everything value."
- Thomas Paine
Assignment: Do we value only what we struggle to obtain? Plan your response, and then write an essay to explain your views on this issue. Be sure to support your position with specific points and examples. (You may use personal examples or examples from your reading, observations, or knowledge of subjects such as history, literature, science)
Many people believe that one must care deeply about something in order to do it well. Passionate commitment, they argue, is a characteristic of every great achiever in history. But caring very deeply about something can cloud one's judgement and make it difficult to think clearly. More can be accomplished, in fact, with cool detachment. It is usually those who remain emotionally detached from their tasks who achieve the most.
Assignment: Is it better to care deeply about something or to remain emotionally detached? Plan and writ your essay in which you develop your point-of-view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experienced, or observations.
1-2. Write 2 sentences using action verbs.
3-4. write 2 sentences using linking verbs.
5. What is the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs?
6-7 Write a sentence for each. Underline the verb and label transitive or intransitive.
8, What is a verb phrase? Write a sentence using a verb phrase. Underline the helping verb and circle the main verb.
9. Can a verb phrase be interrupted? If yes, give an example. If no, explain.
10. List 5 examples of "be" verbs and 5 examples of other verbs that can be linking verbs.
Critical Viewing is a way to look at paintings, photographs, videos, or other various images and take a deep look into understanding what the author may have intended for the observer. The observer can also reflect on their response to such work.
Journal Prompts are a way to stimulate the student into building their writing fluency. The prompt writing is kept in their journal and is not graded on spelling, grammar, or mechanics. The idea is to have a place for the student to explore writing in its purest form. Straight from their thoughts onto paper. Some prompts will be structure based, goal oriented, or creatively inspired.